Humans Mission to Mars and facts about it

WHAT IS MARS MISSIONS?

MARS MISSIONS

With the evolution of technology and new resources, one of the biggest curiosity has been to find answers to the century-old question – are we alone in the universe? With humans aiming to be an interplanetary species in the future, the nearest attraction remains Mars. Several countries are in the race to the Red planet as it drives the human imagination of a future colony on the surface. The US, China, India, UAE have all successfully sent rovers, probes and spacecraft into the Martian orbit, deepening the understanding of the planet mired with ancient craters and signs of polar ice caps. While unique in their objectives, the missions primarily aim at understanding the formation and early evolution of Mars as a planet, providing continuing improvements in technical capabilities of robotic Over the years NASA in collaboration with scientists from across the world has been able to land, rove and conduct scientific observations on the Martian surface. It has been able to figure out soil composition, presence of hydrogen in polar caps, surveil the planet from above and further the cause of scientific research outside our planet.

China plans for first manned mission to Mars in 2033.

MARS MISSIONS

China plans to send its first crewed mission to Mars in 2033, with regular follow-up flights, under a long-term plan to build a permanently inhabited base on the Red Planet and extract its resources. The ambitious plan, which will intensify a race with the United States to put humans on Mars, was disclosed in detail for the first time after China landed a robotic rover on Mars in mid-May in its inaugural mission to the planet. Crewed launches to Mars are planned for 2033, 2035, 2037, 2041 and beyond, the head of China’s main rocket maker, Wang Xiao Jun, told a space exploration conference in Russia recently by video link. Before the crewed missions begin, China will send robots to Mars to study possible sites for the base and to build systems to extract resources there, the official China Space News reported on Wednesday, citing Wang, who is head of the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology.

MARS MISSIONS

For human habitation on Mars, crews would have to be able to use the planet’s resources, such as extracting any water beneath its surface, generating oxygen on-site and producing electricity. China must also develop technology to fly astronauts back to Earth. An unscrewed round-trip mission to acquire soil samples from the planet is expected by the end of 2030. NASA, the US space agency, has been developing technology to get a crew to Mars and back sometime in the 2030s. China’s Mars plan envisages fleets of spacecraft shuttling between Earth and Mars and the major development of its resources, Wang said.